1 - SMART Strategies


Lesson 3
Making Inferences & Connections




In some ways reading is like Mathematics. Consider this:

  Clue 1 (facts/observations)


Clue 2 (logical assumptions based on what you know)


a new insight



You are sitting up in your room and your dad is watching a football game on TV with his buddies.  You hear them shout in anger. What has happened?


  Clue 1 (guys watching football, angry shout)


Clue 2 (what you know about football and guys)


Opposing Team just scored or Ref made a bad call


What you've done here is called an inference... you've come to a conclusion based on something that has happened.


Letís practice... inference


Read the following observations. On a separate piece of paper, make statements (inferences) that explain each observation. Remember, there may be more than one logical explanation.


  Observation Inference
(mouse-over "inference" to see the inference)
1 The principal interrupts class and calls a student from the room. Inference
2 During a handshake, you feel that the palm of the individualís hand is rough and hard. Inference
3 A siren is heard going past the school. Inference



Try the same strategy with paragraphs. Read the paragraphs below. What do you infer? Record your inferences on a separate piece of paper.

  Observation Inference
(mouse over to see the inference)
1 The article in the newspaper said the grand opening of the new museum would draw record crowds. When Tina walked into the museum on Saturday, he was the only one there. Inference
2 Paulís doctor told him that he was allergic to lanolin. When Paul later went to the beach, he used a sunscreen. That night, in the shower, he noticed that he was developing a rash. Inference
3 Carlos borrowed a camera from his friend and used it to take pictures of his band. When he picked up the pictures at the drug store, he was surprised to find that all the pictures were of someoneís flower garden. Inference



Need more practice?


Try completing some of these online reading activities.

  1. http://www.tv411.org/lessons/cfm/reading.cfm?num=11&act=2&que=1

  2. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/570/pulp/predict.htm
  3. http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/490/wchild/wchild17.htm






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